Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Access to improved sanitation plays an important role in child health through its impact on diarrheal mortality and malnutrition. Inequities in sanitation coverage translate into health inequities across socio-economic groups. This paper presents the differential impact on child mortality and diarrheal incidence of expanding sanitation coverage across wealth quintiles in Nepal.
We modeled three scale up coverage scenarios at the national level and at each of the 5 wealth quintiles for improved sanitation in Nepal in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST): equal for all quintiles, realistically pro-poor and ambitiously pro-poor.
The results show that equal improvement in sanitation coverage can save a total of 226 lives (10.7% of expected diarrhea deaths), while a realistically pro-poor program can save 451 child lives (20.5%) and the ambitiously pro-poor program can save 542 lives (24.6%).
Pro-poor policies for expanding sanitation coverage have the ability to reduce population level health inequalities which can translate into reduced child diarrheal mortality. more….
Oklahoma State University Professor AJ Johannes has a dirty job. Along with his colleagues, Johannes is reinventing the toilet with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Through his research, Johannes and his team have the potential to affect 2.5 million people without modern plumbing.
- Reinventing the Toilet – rethinking the Flush Article in STATE – “The official magazine of Oklahoma State University”
- profile Professor AJ Johannes
- profile Professor Gary Foutch
- Reinvent the Toilet Challenge Debuts in China -with 5 M$ from Gates Foundation (washlink.wordpress.com)
- Thai researcher reinvents toilets for urban poor (sanitationupdates.wordpress.com)
- MU engineeers look to export low-cost toilets (kansascity.com)
Washlink comment: This is way too short given the panelists, none the less still great to watch. The first 2 quarters of an hour and last quarter are the best. The third quarter – has audio problems – when the audience give reports from their breakup group meetings.
Today, more people around the world have access to a mobile phone than a toilet. An estimated 2.5 billion people lack access to clean and safe bathrooms, resulting in diarrheal diseases that kill more children than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. Many developing country governments simply do not have the financial or human capital to deliver improved sanitation to everyone who needs it. Furthermore, many development programs that strive to provide sanitation often fail to have the impact and sustainability needed to scale, and instead distort the market for innovation in the sanitation field. To truly move the needle on this challenge, profitable sanitation services need to be developed so that businesses—rather than nonprofits—can expand access to coverage in ways that will not only increase their profit margins, but also make a major public health impact. This panel will focus on how students can get involved in market creation for sanitation enterprises and will highlight recent innovations and business models that have already been developed by young leaders.
Fred de Sam Lazaro, Correspondent, PBS Newshour, Senior Fellow, Saint Mary’s University
- Miriam Atuya, SANENERGY sales; Student, Trinity University
- Edward Ned Breslin, Chief Executive Officer, Water For People
- Sebastien Tilmans, Co-founder, re.source; Ph.D. Candidate, Stanford University
- Gary White, Co-founder and CEO, Water.org
Building on the successful model of the Clinton Global Initiative, which brings together world leaders to take action on global challenges, President Clinton launched the Clinton Global Initiative University (CGI U) in 2007 to engage the next generation of leaders on college campuses around the world.
Each year, CGI U hosts a meeting where students, youth organizations, topic experts, and celebrities come together to discuss and develop innovative solutions to pressing global challenges. CGI U 2013 was held at Washington University in St. Louis from April 5 – 7, 2013, bringing together nearly 1,200 attendees to make a difference in CGI U’s five focus areas: Education, Environment and Climate Change, Peace and Human Rights, Poverty Alleviation, and Public Health.
- Sanitation as a business – the poor will have to wait (sanitationupdates.wordpress.com)
- Water and Sanitation Seek Rightful Place in Post-2015 Agenda (ipsnews.net)
- WEDC & WSP online learning course – Rural Sanitation at Scale (washlink.wordpress.com)
A great video to watch while waiting to see the recording of Rose George when she spoke at Ted 2013
Rose George thinks, researches, writes and talks about sanitation. Diarrhea is a weapon of mass destruction, says the UK-based journalist and author, and a lack of access to toilets is at the root of our biggest public health crisis. In 2012, two out of five of the world’s population had nowhere sanitary to go.
The key to turning around this problem is to “stop putting the toilet behind a locked door,” says George. Let’s drop the pretense of “water-related diseases” and call out the cause of myriad afflictions around the world — “poop-related diseases” that are preventable with a basic toilet. Once we do, we can start using human waste for good.
George explores the problem in her book The Big Necessity: The Unmentionable World of Human Waste and Why It Matters and in a fabulous special issue of Colors magazine called “Shit: A Survival Guide.”
Related Links for Rose George
- Go home and talk s***: Rose George at TED2013
- Contact info , book info and a whole lot more on her web site….
- Animated homage to her Book: The Indoorfins present: The Big Necessity :-)
Other powerful TED , TEDX, TED-Ed links
- TEDxYYC – “David Damberger – Learning from Failure” -Wonderful Reflection on his WATSAN Experience
- TEDx HOW NEXTDROP IS USING CELL PHONES, CROWDSOURCING TO GET WATER TO THE THIRSTY.
- TEDxBerlin Noa Lerner:X-runner. Sanitation Social Business
- TEDxAmsterdamWomen Anjali Sarker – Toilet+ overcoming my childhood fear TEDX event
- Revolutionizing Sanitation in Developing Nations: Yu-Ling Cheng at TEDxYouth@Toronto
- Where we get our fresh water – Christiana Z. Peppard TED-Ed
- Turning recycled wastewater into a commoditized resource : Valérie Issumo at TEDxLausanne
- The Wello Water Wheel Story : Cynthia Koenig at TEDxGateway
6-8 May 2013
The purpose of this conference is to provide a forum for researchers and practitioners to exchange the latest developments in sludge management.It will give possibilities to examine and discuss the different challenges connected to resource recovery through treatment and disposal of wastewater sludge.
The conference covers sludge management and anaerobic digestion with a broad holistic system perspective. It includes the recycling of nutrients such as phosphorus and nitrogen by focusing on upstream treatment to reduce harmful substances in wastewater, as well as on the production of biogas as a fuel for vehicles. The certification of treated sludge is another important condition for the possibilities to recycle sludge to farmland areas.
Conference also want to share knowledge, practices and ideas for the future directions of process development. The sludge treatment is one of the key issues to be solved. The aim of the conference is to take a major step forward to where all aspects of sludge management are addressed.
- Production and utilization of biogas
- Nutrient recovery processes
- Processes for hygienization of sludge
- The need for a holistic approach including i.e. environmental effects from sludge handling/management in the total performance efficiency of wastewater treatment
- Use of sludge for energy generation including combustion and supercritical gasification
- Emerging contaminants in sludge – upstream separation and optimization to decrease negative effects by detoxification
- Physical and chemical pre-treatment processes, including chemical conditioning, thickening, dewatering, drying
- Modelling of anaerobic processes
- Methane emission from sludge treatment
Erik Dahlquist at email@example.com and Tel. +46-21-151768
Conference Programme Committee Chairman
Monica Odlare at firstname.lastname@example.org and Tel. +46-21-101611
Conference Programme Committee Secretary
IWA- the global network for water professionals
The International Water Association is a global reference point for water professionals, spanning the continuum between research and practice and covering all facets of the water cycle. Through its network of members and experts in research, practice, regulation, industry, consulting and manufacturing, IWA is in a better position than any other organisation to help water professionals create innovative, pragmatic and sustainable solutions to challenging global needs.
The strength of IWA lies in the professional and geographic diversity of its membership — a global mosaic of national, corporate and individual member communities. Our members are leaders in their field and represent:
- Researchers – where solutions begin
- Utilities – managing water services worldwide
- Consultants – connecting problem owners with solution providers
- Industry – creating sustainable water solutions
- Regulators – safeguarding public health
- Equipment manufacturers – translating ideas into products
The IWA network is structured to promote multi-level collaboration among its diverse membership groups, and to share the benefit of knowledge on water science and management worldwide. The Association helps make the right connections at the right time, thereby sharing cutting-edge research and practice that allows the water sector shape its future.
all content for this post comes from the IWA sites
The second conference on developments in Faecal Sludge Management is just around the corner in Durban. We are pleased to share with you the conference themes and to highlight a number of our keynote speakers and paper submissions.
The excellent response to the call for papers has resulted in a programme featuring speakers from around the globe, confirming that there is much experience and knowledge to be shared in this critical area. The second international Faecal Sludge Management conference will include presentations that fall into the following themes:
- On-site Sanitation as a Business
- Socio-political Aspects of On-site Sanitation
- Toilet Design for FSM Optimisation
- Pit Emptying – What are the Options?
- The How of Faecal Sludge Treatment
- Waste Not Want Not – Beneficial Use of Faecal Sludges Technology and Innovation
- Health Aspects of Faecal Sludges
FSM2 will pick up where FSM 1 (held in Durban in March 2011) left off – with a commitment to capturing and sharing developments in the management and beneficiation of faecal sludges (including urine). This year the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has committed to showcase and present developments in up to 40 of their Sanitation Grand Challenge Projects. For more information on FSM 1 see “What happens when the pit is full?” at http://www.afrisan.org
Presenters at FSM2 will share experiences from countries around the world including Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Chile, Ethiopia, Ghana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Malawi, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nepal, Sweden, South Africa, the USA, the United Kingdom, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The line-up of keynote speakers includes:
The BMGF has committed over $200Million over the next few years to research and advocacy in this field which it has identified as a major area for impacting health in the developing world.
FSM research overview of Sandec (Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries). EAWAG (The Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology) is a leader in the FSM field, and manages research projects around the world. The organisation is currently compiling a book on the subject of Faecal Sludge Management.
Steve Sugden – Research Manager, Water for People and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
will look at Sanitation as a Business, drawing on his experiences with the development and transfer of the Gulper technology into commercial businesses – giving valuable insight into the process of taking a technology from concept into the marketplace.
Pam Elardo, Director of the Wastewater Treatment Division in the Department of Natural Resources and Parks, Seattle, Washington Evolution of a regional wastewater management system: matching decisions to capacity
There will 9 presentations in plenary sessions, 90 presentations in parallel sessions and a closing panel discussion. The speakers and the topics cover a wide range of interest and represent work from all over the globe. The detailed draft programme for the conference can be downloaded from www.pid.co.za .
For more information contact the FSM2 secretariat :
Bobbie Louton on Tel +27 33 342 3012 or email: email@example.com
all content above take from pdf: http://www.pid.co.za/images/stories/1fsm2_durban_third_announcement.pdf found on FSM Conference page part of
Partners in Development (Pty) Ltd (PID) site. A site worth looking at even if you don’t go to the conference