Planning for Improved Urban Environmental Health through Rapid Participatory Assessment of Sanitation Systems
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It is widely recognised that in low-income urban communities throughout the developing world, urban environmental health is adversely impacted upon inadequate or dysfunctional sanitation systems. Responding to this situation and designing interventions to effectively mitigate these risks requires an understanding of critical points in the sanitation service delivery chain which are sources of hazardous events.
The training workshop was co-organized by the International Water Association, the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University and the World Health Organization; each of whom are engaged on activities related to sanitation system risk assessment and will provide specific technical input and support to facilitate the training.
The training was based on a framework for understanding risk in relation to hazardous events, exposure and vulnerability, which can be used as the basis for unpacking the interrelating and compounding factors related to disease transmission. It aimed to promote an understanding of how external factors can exacerbate the frequency and/or intensity of these hazardous events, the resultant exposure by local residents and their vulnerabilities to infection.
The workshop enabled participants to understand how a process of participatory risk assessment can help stakeholders understand and respond to these health risks and the application of various risk assessment tools that can support this process. The interactive workshop helped participants learn from eachothers’ knowledge and experiences in order to broaden their perceptions and understanding of risk.
- Understanding the concept of risk assessment as applied to sanitation systems
- Introduction to tools for rapid assessment of health risks associated with sanitation systems
- Improved understanding of environmental health risks resulting in better programming of sanitation interventions.