Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
Access to improved sanitation plays an important role in child health through its impact on diarrheal mortality and malnutrition. Inequities in sanitation coverage translate into health inequities across socio-economic groups. This paper presents the differential impact on child mortality and diarrheal incidence of expanding sanitation coverage across wealth quintiles in Nepal.
We modeled three scale up coverage scenarios at the national level and at each of the 5 wealth quintiles for improved sanitation in Nepal in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST): equal for all quintiles, realistically pro-poor and ambitiously pro-poor.
The results show that equal improvement in sanitation coverage can save a total of 226 lives (10.7% of expected diarrhea deaths), while a realistically pro-poor program can save 451 child lives (20.5%) and the ambitiously pro-poor program can save 542 lives (24.6%).
Pro-poor policies for expanding sanitation coverage have the ability to reduce population level health inequalities which can translate into reduced child diarrheal mortality. more….
new paper: non-clinical interventions for preventable & treatable childhood diseases – what do we know?
new paper: by Maureen Seguin and Miguel Niño-Zarazúa
Munich Personal RePEc Archive
“What do we know about non-clinical interventions for preventable and treatable childhood diseases in developing countries?”
Preventable and treatable childhood diseases, notably acute respiratory infections and diarrhoeal diseases are the first and second leading causes of death and morbidity among young children in developing countries. The fact that a large proportion of child deaths are caused by these diseases is symptomatic of dysfunctional policy strategies and health systems in the developing world. Though clinical interventions against such diseases have been thoroughly studied, non-clinical interventions have received much less attention. This paper contributes to the existing literature on child wellbeing in two important respects: first, it presents a theory of change-based typology that emerges from a systematic review conducted on non-clinical interventions against preventable and treatable childhood diseases. Second, it pays particular attention to policies that have been tested in a developing country context, and which focus on children as the primary target population. Overall, we find that improved water supply and quality, sanitation and hygiene, as well as the provision of medical equipment that detect symptoms of childhood diseases, along with training and education for medical workers, are effective policy instruments to tackle diarrhoeal diseases and acute respiratory infections in developing countries. more…
34 page pdf
Seguin, Maureen and Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel (2013): What do we know about non-clinical interventions for preventable and treatable childhood diseases in developing countries? Published in: WIDER Working Paper Series , Vol. 2013, No. 087 (13. September 2013)
WASHLink from time to time likes to briefly note newly publish papers in hopes of giving them a wider audience – let us know if you know of paper that could use this very small piece of publicity…
Curious about the growing talk about the importance of “gut health” and its role in growth and nutrition and how better WASH practices can reduce stunting?
Please join us for a webinar presentation and discussion on Environmental Enteropathy and WASH on Wednesday, September 11, from 11:00am – 12:30 pm Eastern Standard Time (EST), which is New York time.The very best programs focusing on nutritional intake have only solved 1/3 of the stunting problem, and no nutritional research trial has ever normalized linear growth. Adequate diet is necessary for healthy growth, but is not sufficient. Meanwhile, improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is associated with decreased stunting and has the same average effect size as the very best infant feeding interventions. We now know that a condition of the child’s intestine — environmental enteropathy (EE) — is brought on by living in a dirty environment, can have a very profound impact on stunting, and can be partially reversed through WASH interventions.
You can participate in this online event through Fuze at http://fuze.me/20908746 on the day/time of the webinar. No need to preregister. To join the audio, please choose one of two methods: 1) Internet Audio, and simply select the internet audio option after joining; or 2) Use your phone and call +1348177654. If prompted, enter the meeting number: 20908746, then press #.
If you have any questions about this event or issues using Fuze, please contact Patrick Coonan at mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org
“The WASHplus project creates supportive environments for healthy households and communities by delivering high-impact interventions in water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and indoor air pollution (IAP). WASHplus uses proven, at-scale interventions to reduce diarrheal diseases and acute respiratory infections, the two top killers of children under five years of age globally. WASHplus has expertise to integrate WASH and IAP activities into existing education, HIV/AIDS, maternal and child health, and nutrition programs. WASHplus builds strong in-country partnerships to increase impact. In addition, WASHplus is charged with exploring and promoting innovation in the WASH and IAP sectors. WASHplus is funded by the United States Agency for International Development’s Bureau for Global Health.” more…
USAID: “In an interconnected world, instability anywhere around the world can impact us here at home. Working side-by-side with the military in active conflicts, USAID plays a critical role in our nation’s effort to stabilize countries and build responsive local governance; we work on the same problems as our military using a different set of tools. We also ease the transition between conflict and long-term development by investing in agriculture, health systems and democratic institutions. And while USAID can work in active conflict, or help countries transition from violence, the most important thing we can do is prevent conflict in the first place. This is smarter, safer and less costly than sending in soldiers.
USAID extends help from the American people to achieve results for the poorest and most vulnerable around the world. That assistance does not represent a Democratic value or a Republican value, but an American value; as beneficiaries of peace and prosperity, Americans have a responsibility to assist those less fortunate so we see the day when our assistance is no longer necessary.” more…
The 2013 Water and Health Conference: Where Science Meets Policy will bring together experts from academia, industry, non-governmental organizations, government and foundations to provide an interdisciplinary perspective spanning science, policy, practice and economics. We are now accepting abstracts for poster and verbal presentations.
The submission deadline is April 30, and may be submitted via the conference website.
The deadline for early decision is March 15, which is intended to assist people who will need to seek visas.
2013 Main Conference Themes
- Hygiene and behavioral change
- M&E: local, global, and human right perspectives
- Institutions, finance, and sustainability
- Sanitation and health
- Water supply and quality: from catchment to consumer and back
Abstract Submission Guidelines
- Title: 150 characters
- Authors: 300 characters
- Presenter: 100 characters
- Text: 5000 characters, including spaces
Important links for details:
- Call for Papers
- Sign Up to Submit an Abstract
- Submit or Edit an Abstract
- Presenter Guidelines
- Propose a Side Event
More About the Conference
Bringing together academic research with policy, practice and networking events
The 2013 Water and Health Conference: Where Science Meets Policy, organized by The Water Institute at UNC, will consider drinking water supply, sanitation, hygiene and water resources in both the developing and developed worlds with a strong public health emphasis.
The 2013 Water and Health Conference: Where Science Meets Policy is accompanied by several exciting events before and after the conference. Don’t miss the opportunity to network with and learn from the unique array of national and international professionals!
Save the Date!
- The 2013 Conference will run from October 14th through the 18th.
William and Ida Friday Center for Continuing Education
all content for this page comes from directly conference web pages
- Submit your abstracts for SAHARA 7 (publichealthourconcern.wordpress.com)
- 2013 Water Quality Technology Conference Call For Papers Is Open (wateronline.com)
- Global Health & Innovation Conference 2013 Presented by Unite For Sight, 10th Annual Conference (washlink.wordpress.com)
- 1st International IWA Conference on Holistic Sludge Management (washlink.wordpress.com)
- Water Research Foundation Issues Call For Nominations For Its Two Award Programs (wateronline.com)
from site:”Nikki Shaw is a water and sanitation (watsan) engineer with a passion for toilets. With a career spanning two decades and five continents, Nikki has extensive watsan expertise in both industrial and developing countries: Rural water supply systems in Botswana, grassroots sanitation provision projects in Cambodia, to designing sewerage for Hong Kong tower blocks and Singapore MRT train systems. She has learned many valuable lessons and shares a surprising revelation: Safe toilets are the key to everything good.”
“TEDxSingaporeWomen 2011 was TEDxSingapore’s 13th event since 2009 and was a collaborative event with TEDxWomen in New York and Los Angeles and over 80 TEDx events across the globe.”
e-Learning course on Governance in Urban Sanitation
In 2000, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Millennium Development Goals that challenged the global community to reduce poverty and increase the health and well-being of all peoples. Two years later, the World Summit on Sustainable Development added access to basic sanitation as a centerpiece of sustainable development strategy and set a series of actions to achieve the global sanitation target – halving the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by the year 2015.
Yet, nearly 40% of the world’s population still lacks adequate sanitation. Indeed, developing access to sanitation services poses technical, institutional, financial and also social and cultural challenges. Major obstacles relate to governance deficiencies, especially the lack of adequate institutional framework. Other hindrances include the weak priority given to sanitation and the insufficiency of substantial investment in the sector. Besides investment, sustainable solutions should also adequately address the other dimensions, especially institutional and financial aspects. It is thus essential to implement sustainable institutional arrangements ensuring the setting up of a political anchor for the sanitation sector as well as responsiveness to the demand, transparency and accountability to users, financial sustainability, and the involvement of all the actors in their area of expertise.
On the basis of these needs, UNITAR’s Local Development Programme has developed and proposes the e-learning course Governance in Urban Sanitation.
The goal of the course is to enhance the capacity of local decision-makers and sanitation professionals to make the most enlightened decisions and investments in the area of urban sanitation. It provides analytical tools to understand the financial and institutional framework of the sanitation sector, taking into account the needs of urban poor communities.
The course consists of 4 modules:
- Module 1 – Introduction to Sanitation
- Module 2 – Economics, Pricing and Financing of the Sanitation Sector
- Module 3 – Institutional Aspects of the Sanitation Sector
- Module 4 – Sanitation and Poverty
At the end of the course, participants should be able to:
Identify the benefits of sanitation;
Analyze costs and financing of sanitation services;
Identify suitable institutional arrangements and evaluate service provider options, benefits and limits;
Integrate accountability when structuring relationships;
Make communities and microfinance organizations partners in extending sanitation services to the poor;
Assess specific situations and recommend financial and institutional strategies at the local level towards urban sanitation improvement.
Learning activities are based on sound adult learning pedagogical principles. They are distributed in such a way to ensure the achievement of the learning objectives in a flexible manner: learning materials can indeed be consulted in a non-linear way so as to provide participants with a high degree of flexibility in choosing both the learning pace that is the most adequate to them. Thus, participants are responsible for their own learning throughout the course. All learning activities are moderated by high level sanitation experts.
Learning materials include the following elements:
- Basic reading materials (compulsory) intended to understand the basic concepts and principles of modules’ subject-matter;
- Advanced reading materials (optional) for participants willing to learn more about the topic;
- External links to relevant, publications, reports and websites;
- Glossaries of terms and of acronyms as supportive learning tools;
- A community discussion board (forum) will allow participants to discuss topics initiated by the course moderator and to post questions, comments or new discussions.
The learning time is estimated to be about 5 hours per week. This includes study time (about 3 hours/week) and participation in collaborative activities (about 2 hours/week). Time dedicated to assessment activities is not taken into account in this estimation.
Course Completion & Certification
Successful completion of the course requires participants to achieve a minimum total score of 70% and entitles to a certificate of completion. A certificate of participation will be issued to participants who took all the mandatory exercises but achieved a score inferior to 70%.
The assessment activities are organized as follows:
- A self-assessment quiz which enables participants to analyze their level of knowledge before and during the course, making them able to decide how to approach the learning materials and which parts to focus on. This exercise is not graded and can be taken as many times as desired.
- 4 tests, corresponding to each one of the 4 course modules, aim at evaluating participants’ comprehension of the course content. The 4 tests altogether account for 40% of the final grade.
- A case study where participants can apply their knowledge practically. The basis of the case study scenario takes as a basis the concrete situation participants’ municipality/region faces with regards to sanitation. The case study accounts for 40% of the final grade.
- An innovative peer-to-peer review exercise providing an ideal breeding ground for knowledge and experience sharing. Participants evaluate and discuss each other’s case study in the framework of specific group forums. Ultimately, the moderator will provide comments and grade to each participant related to his/her review of another participant’s case study and subsequent discussions with fellow-participants. The peer-to-peer review accounts for 20% of the final grade.
Conditions of participation
The course is open to decision-makers from local governments as well as representatives of service providers (national governments, private sector, NGOs) and international organizations involved in the sanitation sector worldwide. It is advisable to have prior basic knowledge of urban sanitation and/or urban environmental issues. Participants should also have access to a computer with a reliable Internet connection.
Fee and Registration
Course fee is USD 400 per participant. Deadline for registration is 9 April 2010, or when the course is fully subscribed.
For further information, contact Mr. Nicolas Plouviez at email@example.com.
“Please be advised that the latest version of the WHO Technical Notes for Emergencies prepared by WEDC…”
Please click below to view pdfs of the World Health Organization Technical Notes for Emergencies.
- Cleaning and disinfecting wells
- Cleaning and disinfecting boreholes
- Cleaning and disinfecting water storage tanks and tankers
- Rehabilitating small-scale piped water distribution systems
- Emergency treatment of drinking water at the point of use
- Rehabilitating water treatment works after an emergency
- Solid waste management in emergencies
- Disposal of dead bodies
- How much water is needed
- Hygiene promotion in emergencies
- Measuring chlorine levels in water supplies
- Delivering safe water by tanker
- Planning for excreta disposal in emergencies
- Technical options for excreta disposal
- Cleaning wells after seawater flooding
This video shows the International Federation Global Water and Sanitation Initiative (GWSI) in action at the Zambia Red Cross Society “Rural Water Supply Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Project” … It show how a Zambia clean water project comes hand in hand with sanitation and hygiene education
also see IFRC youtube channel