The Social Factors Impacting Use of EcoSan in Rural Indonesia report came out in June 2010.
The Study Starts of stating the fact that “Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) 2010 data indicate that around 38% of the rural population has access to improved sanitation services and that open defecation remains a widespread practice for over 60 million Indonesians. “
With a majority of Indonesia being Muslims the study include a a look at Muslim teaching on the subject of sanitation. “The study objective was to identify the social, religious, cultural and gender-related factors which inﬂuence rural people’s attitudes towards urine and excreta-based fertilizers in general and the EcoSan urine diversion system in particular. It doe not pretend to be anything but a modest study: ” the study does not seek to be a comprehensive reﬂection of the whole of Indonesia. Instead, it provides a preliminary assessment of attitudes towards EcoSan, and identiﬁ es some key drivers and inhibitors…” It survey 350 people in 5 out of 33 provinces included Muslims, Christians and respondents with traditional
beliefs. Four producers and retailers of excreta and urine based fertilizer were also identiﬁ ed and interviewed.
One of the key finding come in this paragraph:
“The study data show that this is not only a Muslim religious objection,
but that Christians also consider it difﬁcult to keep the excreta dry by not
using water above the disposal hole. While the percentage of Muslims who
considered it difﬁcult to keep the disposal hole dry was fairly constant, the
percentage of Christians who felt this way varied from 35% in Kulon Progo,
Central Java to 78% in East Sumba. This conﬁrms the assumption that
use of water for cleansing, where available, is also an Indonesian cultural
behavior that inhibits the use of a toilet system requiring dry storage. “
The study reports the researchers’ findings that more than “…80% of the respondents are willing to use urine or feces-based fertilizer.” The report goes on to say a similar number are willing to consume products from the fields using compost based fertilizer. The hard part, the study states, is only 50% of the people surveyed are will to to be involved in processing the urine and feces to make the compost. (I would like to know how this compares to other locations around the world 50% Seems high- a positive rather than negative - )
The study goes on to look at the roles/ potential roles men and women of a family unit have on
- selecting fertilizer for crops, and for selection installing,toilets for the family.
- selecting toilets installing them and composting waste from them.
The conclusions are complex. Hopefully organizations that want to just plop down ecosan units all anywhere in the will carefully read this short but informative report in its entirety. We must truly understand the people, if we / they are to have success with ecosan or any other viable alternative!
INTRODUCTION: ECOSAN IN INDONESIA
- Objective of the Study
- Consideration of EcoSan as a Sanitation Option
DEMAND FOR ORGANIC FERTILIZER EXISTS ACROSS RELIGIONS AND REGIONS
- Excreta-based fertilizers are still a sensitive issue for some
RESERVATIONS ABOUT USING ECOSAN TOILETS
- Gender Differences
IS HUMAN EXCRETA-BASED FERTILIZER NAJIS?
The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) “…a multi-donor partnership administered by the World Bank to support poor people in obtaining affordable, safe and sustainable access to water and sanitation services.”
The research was carried out by Entin Sriani Muslim assisted by Ana Nurhasanah in 2009. This learning
note was co-authored by Martin Albrecht, Isabel Blackett, and Ikabul Arianto and peer reviewed by
Eduardo Perez and Jeremy Colin.
Document type Pdf with search-able / selectable text. 4 pages Includes images and graphs
Uganda: Cost of Eco-San Toilet Lowered
Gerald Tenywa 18 November 2009 AllAfrica.com
Kampala — THE cost of the ecological sanitation (eco-san) toilets has been lowered in a bid to promote their use countrywide. The move is also aimed at encouraging farmers to use human waste as a fertiliser to improve agricultural productivity. Water state minister Jennifer Namuyangu said the availability of local materials to construct the eco-san toilets has helped to reduce the cost from about sh2m to only sh200,000. [$110 us dollars]….
Here is great video showing how the EcoSan toilet works, stressing:
1 You don’t need water to us an EcoSan toilet, saving a precious resource
2 There is a huge benefit to use urine as a fertilizer
The video the workings of toilet itself. What I find wonderful is that this video explains & shows the full sequence of steps taken to after urination to get the urine onto the the field as fertilizer. This is followed by a wonderful comparison of crop yields comparing side by side fields, on fertilized with urine the other fertilized with commercial fertilizer. The fields fertilized with urine did better than the commercial fertilizers and at NO COST!!!! The video is in English and the location is Ethiopia. Several local experts are use to explain particular points.
Title Urine Diversion Toilets: advantages and use agriculture
a brief Ecosan Documentary by Andreas Wilkin c 2008
produced for the ROSA project
contact Franziska Meinzinger f.meinzinger @ tu-harburg.de
Technische Universitat Hamburg-Harburg TUHH
(Hamburg University of Technology)
WASHLink Notes: addition resources:
other related YouTube videos (using following search terms)
|ecosan urine||ecosan construction||ecosan watsan|
|ecosan design materials||ecosan fertilizer||ecosan toilet|