The forum is organized, in collaboration with the Government of Senegal. This High Level Forum will follow up on the outcomes from the 1st HLF in Ouagadougou as well as capitalize on its successes.
It is from the 12th to the 14th of December 2012
“Innovative Financing and Investments to accelerate access to water and sanitation in Africa.”
To advance the development of new and existing financial and investment mechanisms in the WASH sector for accelerated access to sanitation and water for all.
To facilitate linkages and the engagements between investors and innovators towards expansion and scaling up of innovation on WASH products and sanitation services in Africa.
To catalyze the strengthening of systems and frameworks that support and facilitate the translation of the various high level declarations on WASH on the Continent into actions
– Innovations fair
- Ministers and Donors Round Table
- Business to Business (B to B) sessions
- Launch of Africa Sanitation Think Tank
- Launch of Sanitation and Water for Africa
Development Initiative Fund (SaniFund)
- Gala Dinner
- High level Government officials from Africa
- Small and medium scale entrepreneurs in water and sanitation
- Donors and Investors
- WASH Sector Researchers and practitionners
- Other Invited Special Guests
- General Information
- List of invited Ministers
- Meet a Minister!
- Register on-line!
- 2012 Forum Agenda
- Second HLF 2012 announcement
- French Version
all content is taken from forum site
August 7, 2012 — MCHIP
Please join CORE Group and MCHIP for the second in a series of webinars on diarrheal disease.
WHEN: August 21st from 9 – 11 am EST
HOW: Join by registering at CORE Group’s website 
WHO: Moderated by Dr. Dyness Kasungami, MCHIP Team Leader for Child Health
The second leading cause of preventable child deaths, diarrheal disease claims the lives of 1.3 million children under-five annually, mostly in Africa and South Asia. Gains from the introduction of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and improved water, sanitation and hygiene are have not been sustained in many countries, with global coverage of ORT use being as low as 34%.
The first webinar in February focused on advocating for coordinated approaches to implement a package of effective interventions, and mobilizing resources and multi-disciplinary partners. In this second webinar, Dr. Dyness Kasungami will moderate a panel with three speakers who will present country success experiences from Benin, Ghana and India in addressing low coverage of effective interventions in diarrheal disease.
The panelists will also share lessons learned surrounding promising practices to increase coverage of zinc, changed dynamics around ORS/zinc use, and the links between treatment and key Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) practices for prevention. The panel presentation will be followed by an opportunity for a Q&A with participants.
Katharine McHugh is the WASH Technical Advisor at PSI.
Topics: Diarrhea treatment program in Benin; strengthening linkages between ORT/zinc and WASH
Kate Schroder is the Director of Essential Medicines Initiative of Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI).
Topic: Demand generation for ORS and zinc in India
Vicki MacDonald is the Child Health Advisor of Abt Associates.
Topic: A public/private partnership in Ghana to address the introduction of zinc
1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036 | TEL: 202-835-3100 | FAX: 202-835-3150
- PATH And Partners Issue Diarrhea/Pneumonia Declaration To Call For Action Against Leading Causes Of Child Mortality (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Uganda: Clinton arrives to fight diarrhea in children (crofsblogs.typepad.com)
- New genetic path to deadly diarrheal disease discovered (news.bioscholar.com)
- Researchers look at the spread of dysentery from Europe to industrializing countries (medicalxpress.com)
- Child survival takes center stage as leaders convene to renew commitments (eurekalert.org)
To discover a toilet concept design, which in its design, will address the various sanitation and related challenges faced by the millions of Africans i.e. no or limited access to water resources, scarcity of water resources, the absence of adequate bulk infrastructure (water and waste water works), high levels of unemployment and poverty, inadequate or no housing structures, disease, hunger etc. and in doing so, afford access to acceptable, safe and adequate sanitation whilst promoting the harvesting of by-products such as compost and urine for the establishment of self-sustained food gardens. The winning concept design(s) should adequately address / prevent and/or limited disease mitigation from transmission through the 5 C`s i.e. fluid, feet, food, fingers and flies.
Closing Date for Submission 30 September 2012
Short listed candidates Notified 30 October 2012
Winning Designs Announced 4 December 2012
Terms of Reference and Concept Design Specification IMPORTANT:
The design specifications exclude any potential design that:
- requires water to operate
- requires excavation of ground for installation
- resembles VIP or Double VIP Toilets
Design Specification The design should:
- Be environmentally friendly i.e. waterless and chemical free
- Promote aerobic processes and the dehydration of faecal matter through forced ventilation
- Promote urine diversion and the collection thereof (urine collection tank) and the conversion of faecal matter to compost-like material for agrarian use
- Be an On-site system i.e. collection and processing of human faecal matter, with little or no off site removal required
- Include a heat energy device that promotes further dehydration, creates a negative pressure and promotes an odourless environment
- Be self-contained i.e. the design must prevent spillage of both urine and faecal matter into the surrounding soil
- Be for a 1: 1 USE to promote household use (family of 4 – 6 people).
- Portability: Should be light weight, easy to transport and relocate.
- Durability: Should be strong in its design and afford vertical weight transfer efficiency of up to 200 Kilograms,
- UV – resistant.
- The design should be robust in its design in order to withstand the harsh African climate.
- The faecal collection chamber should allow for easy removal during cleaning cycles.
- Cleaning cycles, under normal use, should be once every 4 (four) weeks,
- Cleaning material/products should to be specified to enhance composting processes – should be certified bio-degradable and compostable.
- Personal safety and precautionary measures to be specified and amplified.
The final design:
- Should be an above ground toilet system
- Should be able of mass production and rapid implementation in target areas though out Africa
- Should have a minimal of moving parts
- Should be affordable, both in its capital expenditure and monthly cleaning costs
- Should necessitate the use of bulking agent and toilet paper “only”
- Must be accompanied with the appropriate design specification schedules, cleaning and installation manuals.
- Must accommodate for the introduction of CLTS Principles in both its implementation phase and cleaning phase.
- All submissions must be accompanied by a sample concept design toilet unit.
- Submissions may be sent electronically via email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Sample concept design units (actual toilet) (Shortlisted candidates only) MUST be sent to:
- Unit 1 Linton Close
ParowWestern Cape South Africa
MARKED: 2012 AFRICAN TOILET DESIGN COMPETITION
For complete details got to African Toilet Design Competition
- Unit 1 Linton Close
5. Prize Money
1st Prize Allocation
2ND Prize Allocation
3rd Prize Allocation
Total Prize Value
US$ estimated due to exchange rate fluctuations.
Winning concepts designs will attract commercial relationship with sponsor to further the commercialization of their designs.
Proudly Sponsored by:
For complete details got to African Toilet Design Competition
all details/text on this page come directly from PDF found at the above site
The Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation supports joint project by Swiss aquatic research institute and South African water utility
Urine as a Commercial Fertilizer?
14 October 2010 – press release reprint
The separate collection of urine provides innovative opportunities for the improvement of sanitation and the recycling of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Urine separation is an excellent sanitation solution, particularly in places where classic sewer-based sanitation is not sustainable. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is providing a grant of 3.0 million US dollars to support a joint project by the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) and the eThekwini Water and Sanitation utility (EWS) in South Africa to continue developing practical, community-scale nutrient recovery systems.
The project, covering a period of four years, focuses on the further development of technical solutions for urine processing for nutrient recovery. In addition, project participants, together with experts from the University of KwaZulu-Natal and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, will study the logistics of collection and transport of urine from toilets to processing facilities. The Swiss aquatic research scientists and their partners in South Africa will also examine ways in which sanitation can be paid for by the production and sale of urine-based fertiliser, thus enabling a cheap, efficient and widely-accepted sanitation system to be set up.
Alternatives are urgently needed
There is a growing awareness that in many parts of the world an alternative is needed for the conventional sewer-based sanitation and central wastewater treatment system – if only for the reason that not enough water is available for drinking, let alone to be used for flushing. There is a pressing need to reduce the number of people with no access to basic sanitary facilities and safe drinking water, as required by the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As well as endangering people’s health, inadequate disposal of faecal material poses a risk to the drinking water supply and contaminates the natural environment. Last but not least, the global demand for fertiliser is so great that interest in local sources of nutrients is growing.
Successful preparatory work in Nepal
Eawag has many years of experience in the research of urine separation, also known as NoMix technology, and in 2007 completed the transdisciplinary Novaquatis project. Since then, Eawag’s project in Siddhipur near Kathmandu, Nepal, has demonstrated that urine processed to make the phosphorus-based fertiliser struvite can help to close regional nutrient cycles and promote awareness of the value of the nutrients contained in urine. Farmers participating in the scheme also benefit since they do not need to buy as much imported chemical fertiliser (www.eawag.ch/stun). «This experience plus the collaboration with an extremely progressive administrative department in Durban were important reasons for developing our project in South Africa for the next four years», says process engineer Kai Udert, who is the Eawag researcher in charge of the South Africa project.
Collaboration with an innovative water authority
Eawag can count on a forward-looking partner in the South African eThekwini region around Durban, since they have already carried out important pioneering work in the field of sanitation. EWS has been promoting urine-diverting dry toilets since 2002 and there are already around 90,000 such toilets in use. However, urine is simply soaked into the ground, which could create new problems in the longer term. A simple, combined system for nutrient recycling from urine will be developed . This will reduce the costs of sanitation, prevent pollution of water resources and produce fertiliser for the local market. «That’s a completely new way of thinking and not just a small step on an already well-trodden path», says Kai Udert.
More information: Dr. Kai Udert, Telephone +41 44 823 5360
Join the United Wash Campaign and use the Football World Cup to help the cause of Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
WASH United is a coalition of international and African civil society organizations, United Nations agencies, governments and leading actors from the world of football using the power of sport to promote safe drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) for all people, everywhere. In their campaign for the 2010 World Cup, WASH United focuses on eight countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, Burkina Faso, Mali, Lesotho, Uganda and Tanzania). In addition, WASH United has also targeted activities taking place in Europe to raise awareness among the general public and decision makers.
WASH United is also a Club that already counts among its members some of the world’s biggest football stars like Didier Drogba, Nwankwo Kanu or Stephen Appiah. WSSCC is a partner to this project and calls on all members to join this great initiative. Join WASH United and Take Action:
§ As an individual living in a community or country where people lack access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, you can help by :
- Inviting your friends and family to team up with WASH United
- Informing your friends, colleagues, peers and family about the importance of WASH for health and dignity
- Spreading the word that football superstars like Didier Drogba, Nwankwo Kanu or Stephen Appiah are now Champions for WASH
- Circulating WASH United materials and participating in WASH United Events
- Approaching local and national decision makers and demanding that they increase efforts to ensure WASH for all
- Helping to generate political will at the international level by signing our petitions
§ As an individual living in a community or country where all people enjoy access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, you can help by:
- Inviting your friends and family to team up with WASH United
- Informing your friends, colleagues, peers and family about the water and sanitation crisis in many parts of the world – and encouraging them to act
- Purchasing the WASH United Team Shirt at our cooperation partner
- Engaging with the Parliamentarian representing your community and/or the Ministry in charge of development cooperation, calling for a stronger focus on WASH in your country’s development cooperation
- Creating political pressure: write to your Member of Parliament and demand vigorous efforts to end the water and sanitation crisis
- Helping to generate political will at the international level and act in solidarity with people lacking access to WASH by signing our petitions
To know more and to register, go to www.wash-united.org.
SPLASH research call on sustainable sanitation service chains
SPLASH, the ERA-NET of the European Water Initiative will launch a research call on 1st March, 2010. The overall call budget will be approx. 1.7 Mio Euro. The call will be funded by the following donors:
- Austria Development Cooperation (ADC), Austria
- Department for International Development (DFID), United Kingdom
- Ministère des Affaires Étrangères et Européenes (MAEE), France
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), Sweden
- Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Switzerland
The deadline for submitting concept notes is April 23, 13:00 (CET).
1. Topics of the call
In Sub-Saharan Africa, the rates of urbanization have generally exceeded the capacities of national and local governments to plan and manage sanitation systems in an efficient, equitable and sustainable way. Improving sanitation services to the urban poor is an urgent priority that will have major positive impacts on human health and dignity, economic productivity and the environment. Research is required to support these efforts.
The major objective of the SPLASH research call is to contribute to the understanding and implementation at scale of sustainable sanitation service chains in low-income urban areas in Sub-Saharan Africa.
2. Expected projects and expected results
Proposals to be submitted under the SPLASH call should focus on investigation of the sanitation service systems in low-income urban areas in Sub-Saharan Africa. They may consider both working and dysfunctional systems, by investigating and evaluating key factors for success or failure of a system. In particular, proposals should address three main issues:
- The role of service providers, to better understand the nature of the public and private market and its mechanisms in urban sanitation systems.
- The urban sanitation market, to understand and quantify the financial flows in urban sanitation systems, to investigate how the urban poor can participate in the urban sanitation market and to design pro-poor sanitation financing mechanisms.
- The role of policies and regulatory frameworks in shaping sustainable urban sanitation service chains, to understand the key factors of an enabling environment for pro-poor urban sanitation.
Project results should contribute to:
- Understand sustainable sanitation service chains in urban areas from a financial, social, institutional and technical point of view;
- Determine good practice, innovative models, key success factors and barriers for the implementation of sanitation service chains for the urban poor;
- Formulate evidence-based policy recommendations and institutional arrangements that further large-scale implementation of sustainable sanitation service chains in poor urban areas.
3. Eligibility criteria
Each research consortium must be transnational and consist of a minimum of 3 independent legal entities. At least 2 consortium partners must be from one or more African countries and at least 1 consortium partner must be from an European country.
The research projects commissioned by the SPLASH call on sanitation service chains will be limited to 36 month in duration. Each research consortia can apply for a total SPLASH research contribution in the range of 250’000 – 500’000 Euro.
Eligible participants entitled to funding are legal entities like research institutes, universities, private companies including SMEs, public administrations, civil society organisations, and non-governmental organisations from countries of Africa and from European countries.
4. Application procedure and evaluation
The SPLASH research call will employ a two stage application process: in a first step, consortia are invited to submit concept notes. Subsequently, shortlisted consortia will be invited to submit full proposals.
The evaluation process consists of three steps: In step 1 and 2, concept notes and full proposals will be evaluated in a peer-review process; in step 3, the projects to be funded will be selected by an international panel of science and development experts.
5. Forms, guidelines and further information
A detailed applicant’s guide and templates for the submission of concept notes will be available on the SPLASH website http://www.splash-era.net/sanitation-call, by March 1, the official launching date of the call.
For further questions, please contact the call secretariat:
This video shows the International Federation Global Water and Sanitation Initiative (GWSI) in action at the Zambia Red Cross Society “Rural Water Supply Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Project” … It show how a Zambia clean water project comes hand in hand with sanitation and hygiene education
also see IFRC youtube channel
In the march 12 2009 New England Journal of Medicine there was an excellent article on Cholera an easily treatable illness be ignored
source http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/11/1060 New England Journal of Medicine march 12 2009 Volume 360:1060-1063 number 11
Eric D. Mintz, M.D., and Richard L. Guerrant, M.D. authors
following excerpts from :
A Lion in Our Village — The Unconscionable Tragedy of Cholera in Africa
“Inexcusably, the completely preventable ancient scourge of cholera rages among poverty-stricken and displaced people today, with as many as one in five persons with severe illness dying for lack of safe drinking water and sanitation and a simple therapy consisting of salt, sugar, and water. Cholera, a dreaded waterborne disease of centuries past, remains a troubling barometer — and often a fatal consequence — of inadequate access to safe drinking water and sanitation. Epidemic cholera is the indicator of widespread contamination of drinking water with human feces. As such, it is the bellwether of many less dramatic but equally fatal or disabling diseases that flourish in filth and a litmus test of our willingness to tolerate flagrant violations of the human right to clean water and sanitation….”
“…Unlike the severe acute respiratory syndrome, avian influenza, and other infectious-disease threats that have emerged recently, cholera is easily avoided and easily treated. The failure of the global community to mobilize the resources needed to prevent and to treat cholera among the less fortunate reflects our lack of commitment to equity and social justice. Improving access to safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, and basic health services are among the core Millennium Development Goals agreed to by all United Nations member states.
Epidemic cholera represents a fundamental failure of governance, and bold and visionary leadership is required if we are to attack its root causes. Such leadership has been demonstrated in other contexts in Africa. For example, President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda began to change public attitudes toward the human immunodeficiency virus and succeeded in reducing the rates of AIDS in his country, in part by recharacterizing the disease as similar to any other threat to the community: “When a lion comes into your village,” he said, “you must raise the alarm loudly.”…”
“…It is time to sound the alarm again. Whereas reported case fatality rates for cholera in the rest of the world are now well below 1%, rates in excess of 5% are still commonly reported in many African countries.1 According to United Nations agencies, the cumulative case fatality rate in the ongoing cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe remained stubbornly above 4.7% through February 12, 2009, by which point 5 months had elapsed since the epidemic began, and more than 73,000 cases and 3500 deaths had been reported…
[Article's] Source Information
Dr. Mintz is leader of the Diarrheal Diseases Epidemiology Team, Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta. Dr. Guerrant is the director of the Center for Global Health at the University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville.
Full article: http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/360/11/1060 New England Journal of Medicine march 12 2009 Volume 360:1060-1063 number 11
- Gaffga NH, Tauxe RV, Mintz ED. Cholera: a new homeland in Africa? Am J Trop Med Hyg 2007;77:705-713. [Free Full Text]
- Ram PK, Choi M, Blum LS, Wamae AW, Mintz ED, Bartlett AV. Declines in case management of diarrhoea among children less than five years old. Bull World Health Organ 2008;86:E-F. [Medline]
- Roy SK, Hossain MJ, Khatun W, et al. Zinc supplementation in children with cholera in Bangladesh: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2008;336:266-268. [Free Full Text]
- Guerrant RL, Oriá RB, Moore SR, Oriá MOB, Lima AAM. Malnutrition as an enteric infectious disease with long-term effects on child development. Nutr Rev 2008;66:487-505. [CrossRef][Web of Science][Medline]
- Lucas MES, Deen JL, von Seidlein L, et al. Effectiveness of mass oral cholera vaccination in Beira, Mozambique. N Engl J Med 2005;352:757-767. [Free Full Text]