Cynthia talks about the often underestimated problem of water weight and how this problem is preventing millions of women from educating and empowering themselves. She points about the fact that ‘water is heavy’ using real life examples in Rajasnthan, India. Not only is water heavy but also time consuming and limiting women of important opportunities. She talks about her invention “wello” where she & her team have reinvented the wheel. She brings the water wheel on stage, explaining the design and features in this product, allowing the audience to see this easy to use, yet immensely life changing water wheel.
Cynthia’s Profile on UnreasonableNetwork -(really, a good site)
Other drums solutions
- Wello’s WaterWheel – Rolling Towards Healthier Communities (learningaboutsocialenterprise.wordpress.com)
- Social Entrepreneurs That Innovate Around Women And Clean Water (siliconvalleywatcher.com)
- Q-Drum re-invents the wheel by adding water to solve a water transport crisis for the world’s poor.
This is a Wonderful 39 page Technical document on covering all aspect of Waterless Urinals and some variants that incorporates
the core ideas.
- Dr V M Chariar
- S Ramesh Sakthivel
This Resource Book is a guide that seeks to assist individuals, builders, engineers, architects, and policy makers in promoting waterless urinals and the benefits of harvesting urine for reuse through waterless urinals and urine diverting toilets.
Chapters cover a wide set of Waterless Urinals details
- Waterless Urinals
- 1.1 Advantages of Waterless Urinals and Reuse of Urine
- 1.2 Demerits of Conventional Urinals
- Functioning of Waterless Urinals
- 2.1 Sealant Liquid Traps
- 2.2 Membrane Traps
- 2.3 Biological Blocks
- 2.4 Comparative Analysis of Popular Odour Traps
- 2.5 Other Types of odour Traps
- 2.6 Installation and Maintenance of Waterless Urinals
- Innovative Urinal Designs
- 3.1 Public Urinal Kiosk 21
- 3.2 Green Waterless Urinal
- 3.3 Self Constructed Urinals
- Urine Diverting Toilets
- Urine Harvesting for Agriculture
- 5.1 Safe Application of Urine 3
- 5.2 Methods of Urine Application
- Other Applications of Urine
- Challenges and the Way Forward
- References and Further Reading
- Comparative analysis of popular odour traps
- Average chemical composition of fresh urine
- Recommended dose of urine for various crops
- Waterless urinals for men
- Schematic diagram showing functioning of urinals
- Sealant liquid based odour trap
- Urinals with sealant liquid based odour traps
- Flat rubber tube by Keramag and silicon membranes by Addicom
- LDPE membrane by Shital Ceramics
- Biological blocks
- Formwork used for fabrication of public urinal kiosk
- Reinforced concrete public urinal kiosk
- Drawing of public urinal kiosk established at IIT Delhi
- Green urinal established at IIT Delhi
- Plant bed of green urinal with perforated pipe
- Drawing of public urinal kiosk established at IIT Delhi
- Self constructed urinal Eco‐lily
- Squatting type urine diverting dry toilet with two chambers
- Urine diverting no mix toilet 27 Sectional view of a urine diverting dry toilet
- Deep injection of urine using soil injector
- Deep injection of urine using perforated pet bottles
- Use of fertilisation tank for applying urine through drip irrigation
- Manually operated reactor for recovery of struvite
- Schematic drawing of ammonia stripping from urine
“An odourless trap Zerodor which does not require replaceable parts or consumables resulting in low maintenance costs has been developed at IIT Delhi. This model is in final test stage yet to be made commercially available.” more on Zerodor…
Waterless Urinals do not require water for flushing and can be promoted at homes, institutions and public places to save water, energy and to harvest urine as a resource. Reduction in infrastructure required for water supply and waste water treatment is also a spinoff arising from installing waterless urinals. The concept, founded on the principles of ecological sanitation helps in preventing environmental damage caused by conventional flush sanitation systems.
In recent years, Human Urine has been identified as a potential resource that can be beneficially used for agriculture and industrial purposes. Human urine contains significant portion of essential plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphate and potassium excreted by human beings. Urine and faeces can also be separated employing systems such as urine diverting toilets. In the light of diminishing world’s phosphate and oil reserves which determine availability as well as pricing of mineral fertilisers, harvesting urine for reuse in agriculture assumes significant importance. Akin to the movement for harvesting rain water, urine harvesting is a concept which could have huge implications for resource conservation.
- UNICEF Report Highlights India’s Water Management Woes (circleofblue.org)
- SANITATION: Urban water woes (irinnews.org)
- From Water Problems to Water Solutions (slideshare.net)
- Lack of toilets, clean water costs world $260 bln a year – Liberian president (trust.org)
Unite For Sight’s Global Impact Corps is a high-impact “immersive” global health experience for students and for professionals. Unite For Sight is renowned as the highest quality global health immersion and volunteer abroad program worldwide. Unite For Sight prides itself on offering the best global health experience for our Global Impact Fellows, coupled with the highest quality of healthcare delivery programs with our partners.
Locations of Year-Round Programs:
What do Global Impact Fellows do?:
Global Impact Fellows support and learn from the partner clinics’ talented medical professionals. Through hands-on, structured training, Global Impact Fellows gain a comprehensive understanding about best practices in global health and social entrepreneurship, and they receive a Certificate in Global Health & Program Delivery.
Global Impact Fellows come from very diverse backgrounds, including those interested in public health, medicine, international development, social entrepreneurship, and the social sciences. Global Impact Fellows work with local doctors to eliminate patient barriers to care for patients living in extreme poverty. They assist with patient education, visual acuity screening, patient intake, distributing the glasses and medication prescribed by the local eye doctors, and other important support tasks. They also have the opportunity to observe the surgeries provided by the local doctors. Additionally, Global Impact Fellows may participate in the Global Impact Lab, an optional program for those interested in pursuing global health research. For example, current Global Impact Fellows are pursuing research studies about medication management, the use of visual resources for patient education, traditional medicine practices, and patient barriers to care.
What do Global Impact Fellows say?
“I gained a vast basin of knowledge not only about eye health, but also on the healthcare infrastructure, patient interactions, and management systems of the developing world. Reading about health issues in the news or in class became stark reality during my summer in Dhenkanal, and I now aim to reinvigorate my efforts to study and contribute to the field of international health. Over the course of my career, I hope that I can one day return to India as a doctor and remedy the health inequalities that remain ever-present on a global scale,” Pallavi Basu, Global Impact Fellow. See more volunteer accounts at http://www.uniteforsight.org/volunteer-abroad/volunteer-accounts
- See one users experience: Going to Ghana
See the complete details and the online application at http://www.uniteforsight.org/volunteer-abroad
source: content is from their site, email from Unite for Sight, and blog: “Going to Ghana - One Global Impact Fellow’s Experience with Unite for Sight”
August 7, 2012 — MCHIP
Please join CORE Group and MCHIP for the second in a series of webinars on diarrheal disease.
WHEN: August 21st from 9 – 11 am EST
HOW: Join by registering at CORE Group’s website 
WHO: Moderated by Dr. Dyness Kasungami, MCHIP Team Leader for Child Health
The second leading cause of preventable child deaths, diarrheal disease claims the lives of 1.3 million children under-five annually, mostly in Africa and South Asia. Gains from the introduction of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) and improved water, sanitation and hygiene are have not been sustained in many countries, with global coverage of ORT use being as low as 34%.
The first webinar in February focused on advocating for coordinated approaches to implement a package of effective interventions, and mobilizing resources and multi-disciplinary partners. In this second webinar, Dr. Dyness Kasungami will moderate a panel with three speakers who will present country success experiences from Benin, Ghana and India in addressing low coverage of effective interventions in diarrheal disease.
The panelists will also share lessons learned surrounding promising practices to increase coverage of zinc, changed dynamics around ORS/zinc use, and the links between treatment and key Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) practices for prevention. The panel presentation will be followed by an opportunity for a Q&A with participants.
Katharine McHugh is the WASH Technical Advisor at PSI.
Topics: Diarrhea treatment program in Benin; strengthening linkages between ORT/zinc and WASH
Kate Schroder is the Director of Essential Medicines Initiative of Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI).
Topic: Demand generation for ORS and zinc in India
Vicki MacDonald is the Child Health Advisor of Abt Associates.
Topic: A public/private partnership in Ghana to address the introduction of zinc
1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Suite 300, Washington, DC 20036 | TEL: 202-835-3100 | FAX: 202-835-3150
- PATH And Partners Issue Diarrhea/Pneumonia Declaration To Call For Action Against Leading Causes Of Child Mortality (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Uganda: Clinton arrives to fight diarrhea in children (crofsblogs.typepad.com)
- New genetic path to deadly diarrheal disease discovered (news.bioscholar.com)
- Researchers look at the spread of dysentery from Europe to industrializing countries (medicalxpress.com)
- Child survival takes center stage as leaders convene to renew commitments (eurekalert.org)
notes from the site:
In many cities in developing countries, residents have piped water supplies. But there’s a catch: the water is only available through the pipes for a few hours at a time, and people have no way of knowing when that will be. As a result, residents (mostly women and the poor) spend their days just waiting for the water to arrive. Anu Shiridharan from NextDrop, one of the speakers at TEDxGateway, has a solution.
Anu Sridharan graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in December 2010 with a Master’s degree in Civil Systems engineering, and received her Bachelor’s degree from UC Berkeley in 2009 as well.
During her time there, Anu researched the optimization of pipe networked systems in emerging economies as well as business models for the dissemination of water purification technologies for arsenic removal in emerging economies.
Anu also served as the Education and Health director for a water/sanitation project in the slums of Mumbai, India called “Haath Mein Sehat” where she piloted a successful volunteer recruitment and community training model.
In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
water for people #talkshit #sanitation #toilet
is Available From WSP Water and Sanitation Program is 174 page pdf doc dated January 2010
“The study was written by Sophie Trémolet (independent consultant) under the leadership and guidance of Eddy Perez (Water and Sanitation Program – WSP) and Pete Kolsky (World Bank)…”
It starts with a quick overview of current conditions quoting from a variety of existing publications:
“…sanitation costs the economies of four Southeast Asian countries the equivalent of approximately 2 percent of their GDP…”
“In the six countries described in this study, the capital cost of household sanitation varied between US$17 and US$568, costs which often exceeded half the annual household income of the poor in the respective project areas.”
They go on to say ” The challenges of fnance – the practical decisions about who pays how much for what, when, and how – thus lie at the heart of the world’s eforts to promote health, dignity, and a cleaner environment through sanitation. Yet despite the importance of the topic, past eforts to gather meaningful data on sanitation fnance have largely failed.” Thus, the study.
The 6 cases studies are:
- Bangladesh DISHARI – based on Community Led Total Sanitation CTLS
- rural areas
- Basic latrines
- 1,630,733 people
- 2004 to 2008
- Ecuador – PRAGUAS
- rural areas
- Sanitation units (toilet, septic tank, sink, shower)
- 143,320 people
- 2001 to 2006
- Maharashtra (India) – Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) using CLTS approaches
- rural areas
- Improved latrines
- 21,200,417 people
- July 2000 to November 2008
- Mozambique – Improved Latrines Program (PLM) -
- urban areas
- Improved latrines
- 1,887,891 people
- 1980 to 2007
- Sénégal- PAQPUD -
- urban areas
- improved latrines to septic tanks
- 410,507 people
- 2002 to 2005
- Vietnam – Sanitation Revolving Fund SRF
- urban areas
- Mostly bathrooms and septic tanks
- 193,670 people
- 2001 to 2008
According to the study they address:
• How much does provision of access to on-site sanitation cost, that is, once all costs (hardware and soft-
ware) are taken into account?
• Do the type and scale of sanitation subsidy afect provision and uptake? How?
• How can the public sector most efectively support household investment in on-site sanitation?
• Should it be via investment in demand stimulation, subsidies to households or suppliers, by support to
credit schemes, or by other means?
• Should hardware subsidies be provided or should public spending be focused on promoting demand or supporting the supply side of the market? Where hardware subsidies are adopted, what is the best way
to ensure that they reach their intended recipients and are sustainable and scalable?
• What innovative mechanisms (such as credit or revolving funds) can be used to promote household sanitation fnancing?
- “Impact on sustainable access to services: Did the project contribute to increasing access to sanitation? “
- “Costs: Are the costs of the resulting sanitation facilities reasonable and affordable to the beneficiaries?”
- “Effectiveness in the use of public funds: Were public funds used in a way that maximized impact? “
- “Poverty targeting: Did the program seek to target the poor and was the program effective at doing so?”
- “Financial sustainability: Could the financial approach be sustained over time without external support?”
- “Scalability: Could the fnancial approach be scaled up to cover those who are not yet covered in the
country at a reasonable cost?”
The Key finding explored in detail in the study are
- “Taken together, the case studies make a compelling case that partial public funding can trigger signifcantly increased access to household sanitation. “
- “The studies show that the most relevant question is not “Are subsidies good or bad?” but rather “How best can we invest public funds?” “
- “The diferent fnancing strategies adopted had a profound infuence, for better or for worse, on equity, scale, sustainability, levels of service, and costs.”
- “Households are key investors in on-site sanitation, and careful project design and implementation can maximize their involvement, satisfaction, and fnancial investment…”
- “Hardware subsidies of some form played a critical role in all six case studies. “
- “Subsidy targeting methods need to be tailored to country circumstances. “
- “The provision of hardware subsidies on an output basis rather than an input basis can be efective at stimulating demand and leveraging private investment.”
- All of the case studies included a signifcant publicly funded software component (promotion and community mobilization).
GTZ Has published a set of technology reviews the last Quarter of 2009 dealing with “some
technologies commonly used as toilets or as treatment systems in ecosan systems.”
GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit translated- German Agency for Technical Cooperation) is federally owned and “…supports the German Government in achieving its development-policy objectives.” according to its about us web page Thier focus is sustainable development. Their is site is available in English and Deutsche de
The following comes from http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/umwelt-infrastruktur/wasser/9397.htm and the actual documents.
Technology Review 1: Urine diversion components
Technology Review 2: Urine diversion dehydration toilets (UDDTs)
- Content includes:
- colored posters in one of the common languages of the country produced in, viewable on a stands size copy paper.
Technology Review 3: Composting toilets
Technology Review 4: Biogas sanitation
Technologie Review 5: Constructed wetlands
They, GTZ, suggests the site http://www.susana.org/lang-en/working-groups for in depth information. SuSanA (Sustainable Sanitation Alliance) has formed working groups for a range topics centered on sanitation. Their admirable and hopefully achievable goal is to “…provide deliverables that underline the problems and opportunities …” for these topics. The working groups break out as follows: